aint-estèphe, or appellation saint-estèphe contrôlée, is a French red wine with a registered designation of origin produced in the commune of Saint-Estèphe in the Médoc, one of the subdivisions of the Bordeaux vineyard. Located to the north of the pauillac appellation, enclosed in the one producing the Haut-Medoc, it is the northernmost of the communal appellations of the Médoc vineyard.
It seems that vines were already planted on the territory of Saint-Estèphe in Roman times.
From the Middle Ages onwards, the vineyard flourished thanks to English merchants who came to buy their wine in the port of Bordeaux. From the 17th century onwards, the drainage of swampy land made it possible to further increase the surface area.
The appellation only concerns wines produced in a limited area limited to the commune of Saint-Estèphe.